NU Ideas Volume 4, Number 1

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关于汉语中"被+非及物动词"
构式发展趋向性的考察

路 浩宇
名古屋大学大学院国際言語文化研究科

本研究针对现代汉语中非典型的被动式 “被+非及物动词”进行分析。分析构面包含: 结构形式、语用范围以及感情色彩。研究结果可分为下列三点: 第一,此种非典型被动式的结构形式虽然简短,但具有较强的语义表达功能。第二,也由于其结构形式的简短,因此语用环境相对也比较局限,是否能够归入短语或句子中目前依然没有定论,还需要社会认知语境继续长期的存在和推广。第三,此种语言结构具有消极、中性和褒义色彩,与一般被动式字句一致。

 

This study analyzed the “passive + intransitive”, an atypical construction in modern Chinese language. The construction is analyzed in terms of sentence structure, range of pragmatic function, and range of emotional meaning. The results can be divided into the following three points. First, although the atypical “passive + intransitive” structure is simple and short, it features relatively strong semantic function. Second, the simple and short structure limits its pragmatic occurrence. At this point it is unclear whether the “passive + intransitive” structure should be regarded as a clause or a phrase. Further observation is needed regarding the context in which the structure occurs, including its cognitive context and sociolinguistic distribution. The third finding is that “passive + intransitive” has negative, neutral, and complimentary connotations, which is consistent with the general passive voice.

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