NU Ideas Volume 2, Number 1

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Nagoya University Multidisciplinary Journal

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再论提喻和转喻之间的关系

韩涛
名古屋大学

针对以往的“提喻是转喻的一个小类”这一看法,本文主要从范畴关系和整体与部分之间的关系的角度,重新考察了提喻和转喻之间的关系。虽然两者之间有着某种的相似性,但我们认为提喻表达的范畴关系和转喻表达的整体与部分之间的关系是两种截然不同的关系,而且从认知能力的角度看,前者反映的是一般化能力,而后者体现的是参照点能力。由此,我们提出“提喻独立观”,并对提喻的定义和分类作了一个初步性考察。

In opposition to the classical theory that treated synecdoche as a subtype of metonymy, we distinguished synecdoche from metonymy as an independent trope, because synecdoche reflects a kind of relation between categories and is characterized by our cognitive ability of schematization, while metonymy reflects a part of relation and is characterized by our reference-point ability. Therefore, they should be two different types of tropes, although they share some similarities. We also examined the definition and classification of synecdoche.

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